Popular Republic of China has undergone several rounds of reforms over its recent history, particularly, in last four decades. There is a wide range of literature about the topic and all of them contribute to shed light on how were undertaken the reforming processes in order to assess more clearly how Chinese Public Administration works. From the bureaucratic model, passing through authoritarianism until experimentalism, the literature evidences the specificity of Chinese case, within the range of non-democratic countries. Despite being not consensual, the expression ‘Chinese Model’ has flourished in academic studies and some other buzzwords like ‘hybrid authoritarianism’ or ‘hybrid collaborative model’ appeared to describe Chinese Administration. Cultural factors and ideologies are in the genesis of some ways of governance and later on, economic opening up brought new challenges, namely in what concerns egalitarian redistribution, sustainable development, roles attribution and power sharing amongst different levels of governance. This evolution of Public Administration in China is reviewed in this work and the main features of the different historic phases and new trends are identified in Chinese path towards a good governance applied to all sectors of society.
Keywords: bureaucracy; authoritarianism; experimentalism; public administration; Chinese Model
PhD candidate of Public Policies at University of Aveiro (Portugal). Scope of research: Chinese health diplomacy and health governance. Master in Chinese Studies by University of Aveiro (Economics and Negotiation). Member of Cost Action 18215 – CHERN (China and Europe Relationship Network) and other projects related to Chinese politics, economy and culture.
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