“Alfredo Toro Hardy has written a most important and timely book on the growing Sino-American geopolitical contest. Set against America’s previous Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union, Toro Hardy provides fresh insights and much needed balance to America’s most important geopolitical relationship in the coming years”.
— Kishore Mahbubani , former President of the U.N. Security Council, founding Dean of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at NUS and author of Has China Won?
“This is a most compelling and comprehensive analysis of the significant changes in the world order during the current century. Toro Hardy shows how the influence of major powers is shifting and makes a substantial contribution to the understanding of modern international policy”.
— Nestor Osorio , former President of the U.N. Security Council and of the U.N. Economic and Social Council.
“This book is a continuation of Toro Hardy’s intellectual efforts to unravel the USChina hegemonic struggle and its emerging trajectories. It is a great addition to the ongoing debate on this subject”.
— T.V. Paul , James McGill Professor of International Relations at McGill University and author of Restraining Great Powers .
This book focuses on ascertaining what distinguishes the Cold War that the U.S. sustained with the USSR from the one now emerging with China. By comparing their characteristics, it elaborates on how well prepared the US is to undertake this fresh challenge. In doing so, the book analyses six fundamental differences between both cold wars; ideology, alliances, strategic consistency, military, economics, and containment. While the configuration of factors benefited the US during its first Cold War, they now point in the opposite direction. While the first Cold War was instrumental in projecting the US to the pinnacle, the second can only accelerate its dwindling.
Alfredo Toro Hardy, PhD, is a Venezuelan retired diplomat, scholar and author. Before resigning to his country’s Foreign Service ahead of retirement age he was Ambassador to the U.S., U.K., Spain, Brazil, Chile, Singapore and Ireland, as well as Director of its Diplomatic Academy. Visiting Professor at the universities of Princeton, Brasilia and Barcelona, Fulbright Scholar, Academic Advisor to Westminster University and a two-time Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Center Resident Scholar. He has authored or coauthored 35 books and numerous papers on international relations.